For the everyday man who doesn’t know much about cars, the jargon(s) of the automotive industry can be sometimes puzzling and confusing, consequently, we hope to acquaint you with the different types of cars we have, by putting together this piece.
Here’s a quick rundown of the different types of cars:
1. Sedan (US) or Saloon (UK)
Sedans are cars with four doors and a typical boot or trunk.
Technically speaking, sedans feature a three (3) box configuration, with each box categorically used for engine, passenger and cargo or luggage, in that order.
Examples of sedans are; Toyota Camry, Honda Accord, Hyundai Elantra etc.
A hatchback is a car type that has a rear door (boot or trunk) that opens upward.
They are mostly four-door but the two-door versions are also common.
Examples of four-door hatchbacks; Hyundai Grand i10, Renault Kwid.
Examples of two-door hatchbacks; Volkswagen polo GTi, Mini Cooper S 3 door.
3. MPV (Multi-purpose Vehicle)
Multi-purpose vehicles or Multi-utility vehicles are commonly known as people carriers and are designed to offer increased space and comfort to the passengers.
They offer two to three rows of large seating with large doors, and can carry five to seven passengers.
The third seat can generally be folded.
Examples of MPVs; Toyota Sienna, Honda Odyssey, Mazda MPV
4. SUV (Sport Utility Vehicle)
A lot of us have heard the phrase SUV a number of times. it simply means Sport Utility Vehicle.
SUVs are big cars built on body-on- frame chasis. They have increased ground clearance and offer off-roading capabilities to a certain extent.
They are commonly known as Jeeps in Nigeria.
Both off-roaders and soft-roaders are classified under SUVs today.
Examples of off-roader SUVs; Toyota 4Runner, Honda Pilot, Nissan Pathfinder
Examples of Soft-roader SUVs; Honda CR-V, Toyota Rav-4.
Crossovers are vehicles that simply combine the attributes of an SUV with that of an Hatchback.
Crossovers are constructed like cars, that is, they use unibody construction and not body-on-frame chassis used in SUVs.
Examples of Crossovers are; Honda Crosstour, Volvo S60 Cross Country
A coupe is classically defined as a closed two-door car with a fixed roof (unlike in the convertible where it is removable).
They have just 2 doors with smaller-than average (almost non-existent) rear seats.
Nowadays, coupes have moved from just two-door, with some manufacturers now creating four-door vehicles with coupe like properties, and they are built specifically for sporty appearance and appeal.
Examples of coupes; Ford Mustang, Audi R8 etc
Convertibles are also known as cabriolets or roadsters.
They are cars that can have their tops removed to allow open air or enclosed driving, depending on the want of the driver.
Examples of convertibles; Audi A3 Cabriolet.